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Farxiga is a medicine used along with diet and exercise to help control high blood sugar in adults with type 2 diabetes.
How does this medication work?
Farxiga works with your kidneys to help remove extra sugar in your body.
What are the beneficial effects of this medication and when should I begin to have results?
What: Lowering your blood sugar to a normal level may prevent or delay potential complications associated with diabetes, such as blindness, kidney failure, or heart problems.
When: Everyone responds differently to treatment, so try to be patient and follow your healthcare provider's instructions. It is important that you take Farxiga exactly as your healthcare provider prescribed.
How do I know it is working?
Check your blood sugar regularly and as your healthcare provider tells you to. Your healthcare provider will also do regular blood tests to measure your blood sugar levels and your hemoglobin A1C (which estimates your average blood sugar levels over a 2- to 3-month period). Stay on your prescribed diet and exercise program, as this will also affect the result of your blood tests.
The following is not a full list of side effects. Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Only your healthcare provider can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this medication.
More common side effects may include: vaginal yeast infection, common cold, urinary tract infection.
Symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection may include: vaginal odor, white or yellowish vaginal discharge (may be lumpy or look like cottage cheese), or vaginal itching.
Less common side effects may include:
Ketoacidosis (increased ketones in your blood or urine) that may be life threatening, with symptoms such as nausea, tiredness, vomiting, trouble breathing, or abdominal (stomach area) pain.
Low blood pressure, with symptoms of dizziness, lightheadedness, and weakness.
Increased risk of low blood sugar in combination with another medicine that can cause low blood sugar (such as insulin), with symptoms such as headache, weakness, confusion, shaking, feeling jittery, drowsiness, dizziness, irritability, sweating, fast heartbeat, or hunger.
Yeast infection of the penis, with symptoms such as redness, itching, or swelling of the penis; rash of the penis; foul smelling discharge from the penis; or pain in the skin around the penis.
Bladder cancer, with symptoms such as blood or a red color in your urine or pain while you urinate.
Serious allergic reactions, with symptoms such as hives, or swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat that may cause trouble breathing.
Farxiga may also cause kidney problems or increased cholesterol (fats in your blood) levels.
Do not take Farxiga if you are allergic to it or any of its ingredients.
Do not take Farxiga if you have severe kidney problems or if you are on dialysis.
Tell your healthcare provider about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with Farxiga. Also, talk to your healthcare provider about your complete medical history, especially if you have a history of diabetic ketoacidosis (a life-threatening medical emergency caused by insufficient insulin); kidney problems; a history of urinary tract infections or problems urinating; have or have had bladder cancer; are going to have surgery; are eating less due to illness, surgery, or a change in your diet; have or have had problems with your pancreas; drink alcohol very often, or drink a lot of alcohol in the short term ("binge" drinking); or if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your healthcare provider uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your healthcare provider may prescribe a different regimen. Do not change the dosage or stop taking your medication without your healthcare provider's approval.
Adults: The recommended starting dose is 5 milligrams once a day. Your healthcare provider may increase your dose as needed, until the desired effect is achieved.
If you are also using insulin or taking another diabetes medicine called a sulfonylurea (such as glimepiride, glipizide, or glyburide) your healthcare provider may adjust the dose of these medicines.
If your body is under some types of stress such as a fever, infection, trauma (such as a car accident), or surgery, your healthcare provider may need to adjust your diabetes medicine.
Take Farxiga exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not change your dose or stop taking Farxiga without first talking to your healthcare provider.
Take Farxiga in the morning, with or without food.
Do not become dehydrated. Drink plenty of fluids while you are taking Farxiga.
No significant interactions have been reported with Farxiga at this time. However, always tell your healthcare provider about any medicines you take, including over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
The effects of Farxiga during pregnancy and breastfeeding are unknown. Do not breastfeed while you are taking Farxiga. Tell your healthcare provider immediately if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
If you miss a dose of Farxiga, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the one you missed and return to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take two doses at once.
Store at room temperature.
In the event of a medical emergency call your doctor or 9-1-1 immediately. In the event of overdose, call your doctor or poison control for further instructions.
National Poison Control#: Call 1-800-222-1222
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