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Ibuprofen tablets are in a class of medicines known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which are used to treat pain, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoarthritis. Ibuprofen tablets are also used to treat pain associated with menstrual cramps.
How does this medication work?
Ibuprofen tablets block a substance in your body that is involved in causing inflammation and pain in parts of the body where there is pain and arthritis.
What are the beneficial effects of this medication and when should I begin to have results?
What: Ibuprofen tablets may relieve your pain or arthritis symptoms such as swelling, tenderness, and stiffness.
When: Everyone responds differently to treatment, so try to be patient and follow your healthcare provider's directions. It is important that you take ibuprofen tablets exactly as your healthcare provider has prescribed.
How do I know it is working?
You may feel a relief in your pain and arthritis symptoms after you start taking ibuprofen tablets. This is a good indicator that the medicine is working. Your healthcare provider may ask you questions to assess how well your symptoms are controlled.
The following is not a full list of side effects. Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Only your healthcare provider can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this medication.
Ibuprofen tablets may increase the chance of a life-threatening heart attack or stroke. The risk of heart attack or stroke may be increased with longer use and in people who have heart disease. Call your healthcare provider right away if you develop chest pain, shortness of breath, weakness, or slurring of your speech while taking ibuprofen tablets.
Ibuprofen tablets should never be used right before or after a heart surgery called a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG).
Ibuprofen tablets can cause ulcers and bleeding in the stomach and intestines at any time during treatment. Ulcers and bleeding can be life-threatening and may happen without warning symptoms. The chance of a person getting an ulcer or bleeding increases with longer use, smoking, drinking alcohol, older age, having poor health, and if you are taking medicines called corticosteroids (such as prednisone) or blood thinners (such as warfarin). Call your healthcare provider right away if you develop stomach pain, indigestion, bloody or tarry stools, or you vomit blood while taking ibuprofen tablets.
More common side effects may include: nausea, abdominal (stomach area) pain, heartburn.
Less common side effects may include:
Liver problems with symptoms such as nausea, fatigue, weakness, itching, yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes, right upper abdominal pain, and flu-like symptoms.
Serious allergic reactions with symptoms such as skin rash, blisters, fever, itching, trouble breathing, or swelling of your face or throat.
Eye problems with symptoms such as blurry vision or changes in color vision.
Ibuprofen tablets may also cause high blood pressure, kidney problems, anemia (low red blood cell counts), or unexplained weight gain or swelling.
Do not take ibuprofen tablets if you are allergic to them or any of their ingredients.
Do not take ibuprofen tablets if you have had an asthma attack, hives, or other allergic reaction with aspirin or any other NSAID (such as naproxen).
Do not take ibuprofen tablets for pain right before or after a heart bypass surgery.
Do not take ibuprofen tablets during the late stages of your pregnancy.
Tell your healthcare provider about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with ibuprofen tablets. Also, talk to your healthcare provider about your complete medical history, especially if you have asthma; high blood pressure; heart failure; kidney or liver problems; a history of ulcers or bleeding in your stomach or intestines; systemic lupus erythematosus (a disease that affects the immune system); or if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your healthcare provider uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your healthcare provider may prescribe a different regimen. Do not change the dosage or stop taking your medication without your healthcare provider's approval.
Mild to Moderate Pain
Adults: The usual dose is 400 milligrams (mg) every 4 to 6 hours as needed for pain.
Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis
Adults: The recommended dose is 1200 to 3200 mg in divided doses.
Adults: The recommended dose is 400 mg every 4 hours as needed for pain.
Take ibuprofen tablets exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not change your dose without first talking to your healthcare provider.
Take ibuprofen tablets with food or milk if you experience an upset stomach.
Do not take aspirin or other NSAIDs in combination with ibuprofen tablets without first talking to your healthcare provider.
If ibuprofen tablets are taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your healthcare provider before combining ibuprofen tablets with the following: aspirin, blood pressure/heart medications known as angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (such as lisinopril or enalapril), blood thinners (such as warfarin), lithium, methotrexate, or water pills (such as furosemide or hydrochlorothiazide).
Do not take ibuprofen tablets if you are in the late stage of your pregnancy. The effects of ibuprofen tablets during early pregnancy and breastfeeding are unknown. Do not breastfeed while you are taking ibuprofen tablets. Tell your healthcare provider immediately if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
If you miss a dose of ibuprofen tablets, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the one you missed and return to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take two doses at once.
Store at room temperature.
In the event of a medical emergency call your doctor or 9-1-1 immediately. In the event of overdose, call your doctor or poison control for further instructions.
National Poison Control#: Call 1-800-222-1222
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