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Kelnor is a birth control pill used to prevent pregnancy.
How does this medication work?
Kelnor delivers hormones to suppress ovulation. If ovulation does not occur, your egg is not released, thereby preventing you from becoming pregnant. Kelnor also works by thickening the lining of your cervix, thereby inhibiting sperm penetration and by affecting other hormones in your body.
Birth control pills do not protect against getting or giving someone HIV (AIDS) or any other sexually transmitted diseases (such as Chlamydia, genital warts, or herpes).
What are the beneficial effects of this medication and when should I begin to have results?
What: When Kelnor is taken correctly without missing any pills, the chance of becoming pregnant is less than 1%.
When: The effects of pregnancy prevention are different depending on the day you start your first pack of pills. If you start on the first day of your period, the pills should be effective right away, and you therefore will not need a back-up method of birth control. If you start on the Sunday after your period starts, use another method of birth control as a back-up method (such as a condom or spermicide) every time you have sex until next Sunday, 7 days.
How do I know it is working?
If you are taking the pills as directed by your healthcare provider and not missing any doses, you should be protected from becoming pregnant.
The following is not a full list of side effects. Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Only your healthcare provider can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this medication.
Cigarette smoking increases the risk of serious heart-related side effects from use of birth control pills. This risk increases with age (especially if you are >35 years old) and heavy smoking. Do not smoke while you are taking birth control pills.
More common side effects may include: nausea, vomiting, bleeding between menstrual periods, weight gain, breast tenderness, and difficulty wearing contact lenses.
Less common side effects may include:
Blood clots in your legs, lungs, or eyes, with symptoms such as sharp chest pain, coughing up blood, sudden shortness of breath, pain in your calf, or sudden partial or complete loss of vision.
Stroke, angina (chest pain), or a heart attack, with symptoms such as crushing chest pain or heaviness in your chest, sudden severe headache or vomiting, dizziness or fainting, changes in your vision or speech, weakness, or numbness in an arm or leg. Smoking greatly increases the possibility of suffering a heart attack or stroke.
Noncancerous but dangerous liver tumors or other liver problems, with symptoms such as severe pain or tenderness in your stomach area, or yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes, often accompanied by fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, dark colored urine, or light colored bowel movements.
Increased risk of developing breast cancer, especially after using hormonal birth control at a younger age. After you stop using hormonal birth control, the chances of developing breast cancer begin to go back down. Examine your breasts monthly and call your healthcare provider if you feel a lump
Birth control pills may also cause fluid retention with swelling of your fingers or ankles, increased blood pressure, vision problems, or increased risk of developing gallbladder disease.
Do not take Kelnor if you are allergic to it or any of its ingredients.
Do not take Kelnor if you have a history of heart attack or stroke; heart disease; blood clots in your legs, lungs, or eyes; angina (chest pain); breast cancer or cancer of the lining of the uterus, cervix, or vagina; unexplained vaginal bleeding (until a diagnosis is reached by your healthcare provider); yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes during pregnancy or during previous use of birth control pills; or liver tumors or active liver disease.
Do not take Kelnor if you are or think you may be pregnant.
Tell your healthcare provider about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with Kelnor. Tell your healthcare provider if you have ever had any of the health conditions listed above. Also, talk to your healthcare provider about your complete medical history, especially if you have diabetes; high cholesterol or triglycerides (fats in your blood); high blood pressure; migraines or other headaches; seizures; depression; gallbladder, liver, heart, or kidney disease; irregular menstrual periods; or if you wear contact lenses.
The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your healthcare provider uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your healthcare provider may prescribe a different regimen. Do not change the dosage or stop taking your medication without your healthcare provider's approval.
Women and adolescents who have had their first menstrual period: There are 21 light yellow “active” pills, and 7 white "reminder" pills in the pill pack.
Day 1 Start: Take the first light yellow "active" pill of the first pack during the first 24 hours of your period. Take the light yellow "active" pill once a day from the first day through the 21st day of the menstrual cycle (counting the day your period starts as Day 1), followed by one white "reminder" pill per day for 7 days. Take the pills without interruption for 28 days. After all 28 pills have been taken; start a new course the next day.
Sunday Start: Take the first light yellow "active" pill of the first pack on the Sunday after your period begins, even if you are still bleeding. If your period begins on a Sunday, start the pack that same day. Take one light yellow "active" pill per day for 21 days followed by one white "reminder" pill per day for 7 days. After all 28 pills have been taken; start a new course the next day (Sunday).
Before you start taking your pills, be sure to read the directions. Take one pill at the same time every day until the pack is empty. When you finish a pack, start the next pack on the day after your white "reminder" pill. Do not wait any days between packs. If you are switching from another brand of pills, start Kelnor on the same day that a new pack of the previous pills should have been started.
For the first cycle of a Sunday Start regimen, use another method of birth control (such as condoms or spermicide) as a back-up method if you have sex anytime from the Sunday you start your first pack until the next Sunday (7 days).
You will not need to use a back-up method of birth control for the first cycle of a Day 1 Start regimen, since you are starting the pill at the beginning of your period.
If you have vomiting or have diarrhea after you take Kelnor, it may not work as well. Use another birth control method (such as condoms or a spermicide) until you check with your healthcare provider.
Irregular vaginal bleeding or spotting may occur while you are taking the pills. Irregular bleeding may vary from slight staining between menstrual periods to breakthrough bleeding, which is a flow much like a regular period. Irregular bleeding occurs most often during the first few months of taking the pills, but may also occur after you have been taking the pills for some time. Such bleeding may be temporary and usually does not indicate any serious problems. It is important to continue taking your pills on schedule. Tell your healthcare provider if the bleeding occurs in more than one cycle or lasts for more than a few days.
There may be times when you may not have regular menstrual periods after you have completed taking a cycle of pills. If you have taken your pills regularly and miss one menstrual period, continue taking your pills for the next cycle, but be sure to inform your healthcare provider. If you have not taken the pills daily as instructed and missed a menstrual period, or if you missed two consecutive menstrual periods, you may be pregnant.
Do not smoke cigarettes while you are taking Kelnor.
Do not skip pills, even if you are spotting or bleeding between monthly periods, feel sick to your stomach (nausea), or if you do not have sex very often.
If Kelnor is taken with certain other drugs, the effects could be increased, decreased or altered. Kelnor may interact with numerous medications. Therefore, it is very important that you tell your healthcare provider about any other medications you are taking.
Do not take Kelnor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Kelnor can be found in your breast milk if you take it while breastfeeding. Tell your healthcare provider immediately if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
If you miss one light yellow "active" pill, take it as soon as you remember. Take the next pill at your regular time. This means you can take two pills in one day. You do not need to use a back up birth control method if you have sex.
If you miss two or more “active” pills, consult the patient information that accompanied your prescription or call your pharmacist for advice.
If you miss any of the 7 white "reminder" pills, throw away the missed pills. Continue taking the scheduled pills until the pack is finished. You do not need a back-up method of birth control.
Store at room temperature.
In the event of a medical emergency call your doctor or 9-1-1 immediately. In the event of overdose, call your doctor or poison control for further instructions.
National Poison Control#: Call 1-800-222-1222
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