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Macrobid is an antibiotic used to treat urinary tract infections.
How does this medication work?
Macrobid works by killing bacteria, thereby treating your infection.
Macrobid does not treat viral infections, such as the common cold.
What are the beneficial effects of this medication and when should I begin to have results?
What: Macrobid has been shown to be effective against various types of bacteria that can cause a urinary tract infection.
When: Everyone responds differently to treatment, so try to be patient and follow your healthcare provider's directions. It is important that you take Macrobid exactly as your healthcare provider has prescribed for the full course of treatment, even if your symptoms improve earlier.
How do I know it is working?
You may start to notice an improvement in your symptoms. This is a good indicator that your medication is working. Your healthcare provider may ask you questions and order tests to assess how well your infection is being treated.
The following is not a full list of side effects. Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Only your healthcare provider can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this medication.
More common side effects may include: nausea, headache, gas.
Less common side effects may include:
Life-threatening lung problems, especially if you receive therapy for six months or longer, with symptoms such as fever, chills, cough, chest pain, or shortness of breath.
Liver problems, with symptoms such as unexplained nausea or vomiting, stomach pain, fever, weakness, tenderness, itching, unusual tiredness, loss of appetite, light-colored bowel movements, dark-colored urine, or yellowing of your skin or whites of your eyes.
Watery and bloody stools (with or without stomach cramps and fever), even as late as two or more months after having taken the last dose of Macrobid.
Macrobid may also cause peripheral neuropathy (numbness, pain, or tingling in your hands or feet) or optic neuritis (inflammation of the optic nerve that causes blurring, graying, or loss of vision).
Do not take Macrobid if you are allergic to it or any of its ingredients.
Do not take Macrobid if you have anuria (inability to produce urine), oliguria (do not produce enough urine), or kidney problems.
Do not take Macrobid if you are at the end of your pregnancy (38-42 weeks).
Do not take Macrobid if you have experienced liver problems or yellowing of your skin or the whites of your eyes with previous treatment with nitrofurantoin (main ingredient in Macrobid).
Do not give Macrobid to newborn babies <1 month of age.
Tell your healthcare provider about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with Macrobid. Also, talk to your healthcare provider about your complete medical history, especially if you have kidney, liver, or lung problems; anemia (low red blood cell counts); diabetes; glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency (lack of an enzyme responsible for the breakdown of red blood cells); or if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your healthcare provider uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your healthcare provider may prescribe a different regimen. Do not change the dosage or stop taking your medication without your healthcare provider's approval.
Adults and children >12 years: The recommended dose is one 100-milligram capsule every 12 hours for 7 days.
Take Macrobid exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not change your dose or stop taking Macrobid without first talking to your healthcare provider.
Take Macrobid with food (ideally breakfast and dinner).
Do not skip doses. Skipping doses or not completing the full course of Macrobid can decrease its effectiveness and can lead to the growth of bacteria that are resistant to the effects of Macrobid.
If Macrobid is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your healthcare provider before combining Macrobid with the following: antacids containing magnesium trisilicate, probenecid, or sulfinpyrazone.
The effects of Macrobid during pregnancy are unknown. Macrobid can be found in your breast milk if you take it while breastfeeding. Do not breastfeed while you are taking Macrobid. Tell your healthcare provider immediately if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
If you miss a dose of Macrobid, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the one you missed and return to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take two doses at once.
Store at room temperature.
In the event of a medical emergency call your doctor or 9-1-1 immediately. In the event of overdose, call your doctor or poison control for further instructions.
National Poison Control#: Call 1-800-222-1222
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