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  • Generic Name: (dexamethasone/neomycin sulfate/polymyxin B sulfate)
    Other Brands: N/A
  • Last Revised: 05/2015
    • What is this medication and its most common uses?

      Maxitrol ointment is a medicine used to treat inflammation of the eye as well as to prevent and treat eye infections caused by certain bacteria. Maxitrol ointment contains three medicines that work in three different ways to treat your eye infection: dexamethasone, neomycin, and polymyxin b.

    • What should I know when beginning and continuing on this medication?

      How does this medication work?

      Neomycin and polymyxin b are antibiotics that work by stopping the growth of bacteria. Dexamethasone is a steroid that works by reducing inflammation, swelling, and itching. Together, they help to treat your eye infection.

      What are the beneficial effects of this medication and when should I begin to have results?

      What: Maxitrol ointment may help relieve symptoms of bacterial infections and may eliminate the bacteria causing the infection.

      When: Everyone responds differently to treatment, so try to be patient and follow your healthcare provider's directions. It is important to use Maxitrol ointment exactly as your healthcare provider has prescribed for the full course of treatment, even if your symptoms improve earlier.

      How do I know it is working?

      You may start to notice an improvement in your symptoms. This is a good indicator that your medication is working. Your healthcare provider may ask you questions and order tests to assess how well your infection is being treated.

    • What are the possible side effects of this medication?

      The following is not a full list of side effects. Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Only your healthcare provider can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this medication.

      More common side effects may include: allergic reactions.

      Less common side effects may include:

      Long-term use of Maxitrol ointment can lead to glaucoma (high pressure in the eye) with damage to your optic nerve (nerve that connects the eye to the brain) and cataract formation.

      Maxitrol ointment may also delay wound healing and increase the risk of other infections (such as fungal infections).

    • Who should not take this medication?

      Do not use Maxitrol ointment if you are allergic to it or any of its ingredients.

      Do not use Maxitrol ointment if you have certain types of eye infection.

    • What should I tell my healthcare provider before I take the first dose of this medication?

      Tell your healthcare provider about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with Maxitrol ointment. Also, talk to your healthcare provider about your complete medical history, especially if you have glaucoma, cataracts, or any fungal or viral infections of the eyes.

    • What is the usual dosage?

      The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your healthcare provider uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your healthcare provider may prescribe a different regimen. Do not change the dosage or stop taking your medication without your healthcare provider's approval.

      Adults: Apply a small amount (about 1/2 inch ribbon) to your lower eyelid(s) up to 3 or 4 times a day.

    • How should I take this medication?

      Apply Maxitrol ointment exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not change your dose or stop using Maxitrol ointment without first talking to your healthcare provider.

      To apply Maxitrol ointment, tilt your head back and place a finger on your cheek just under your eye. Gently pull down until a "V" pocket is formed between your eyeball and your lower lid. Place the ointment in the "V" pocket. Do not let the tip of the tube touch your eye. Look downward before closing your eye.

    • What should I avoid while taking this medication?

      Do not allow the tip of the bottle to touch your eye, fingers, or any other surface, as this can contaminate the medication.

      Do not wear contact lenses while you are using Maxitrol ointment.

    • What are the possible food and drug interactions associated with this medication?

      No significant interactions have been reported with Maxitrol ointment at this time. However, always tell your healthcare provider about any medicines you take, including over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

    • May I receive this medication if I am pregnant or breastfeeding?

      The effects of Maxitrol ointment during pregnancy and breastfeeding are unknown. Tell your healthcare provider immediately if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.

    • What should I do if I miss a dose of this medication?

      If you miss a dose of Maxitrol ointment, apply it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the one you missed and return to your regular dosing schedule. Do not apply two doses at once.

    • How should I store this medication?

      Store at room temperature.

    • Who should I contact in case of emergency or overdose?
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      In the event of a medical emergency call your doctor or 9-1-1 immediately. In the event of overdose, call your doctor or poison control for further instructions.
      National Poison Control#: Call 1-800-222-1222

      This PDR+ drug information has been developed by the Physicians’ Desk Reference Network (PDRN), a source of medication information trusted by doctors for over 65 years.

      This monograph summarizes the most important information about your medication and does not cover all the information you may need. If you have any questions or concerns or want to learn more about your medication, ask your healthcare provider; he/she will be able to provide answers to your questions. This medication should only be used by the patient for whom it was prescribed and should not be shared with other people.
    • Additional patient resources.
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