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Zarontin capsules contain a medicine used to control absence (petit mal) seizures (brief staring spells).
How does this medication work?
Zarontin capsules are thought to reduce abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
What are the beneficial effects of this medication and when should I begin to have results?
What: Zarontin capsules may help control absence seizures.
When: Everyone responds differently to treatment, so try to be patient and follow your healthcare provider's instructions. It is important that you take Zarontin capsules exactly as your healthcare provider has prescribed.
How do I know it is working?
Your healthcare provider may ask you questions from time to time that will help assess how well your symptoms are controlled with treatment. You may also notice a decrease in the number of seizures you normally experience.
The following is not a full list of side effects. Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Only your healthcare provider can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this medication.
More common side effects may include: nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea, weight loss, loss of appetite, drowsiness, headache, inability to concentrate.
Less common side effects may include:
Serious, life-threatening blood problems, with symptoms such as fever, swollen glands, or sore throat that come and go or do not go away; frequent infections or an infection that does not go away; easy bruising; red or purple spots on your body; bleeding gums or nose bleeds; and severe tiredness or weakness.
Drug reactions that may affect different parts of the body such as your liver, kidneys, heart, or blood cells, with symptoms such as joint pain and swelling, muscle pain, tiredness, weakness, low-grade fever, pain in the chest that is worse with breathing, skin rash, swollen lymph glands, swelling of your face, or yellowing of your skin or the white part of your eyes.
Increased suicidal thoughts or actions, with symptoms such as having thoughts about suicide or dying; attempt to commit suicide; new or worse depression, anxiety, or irritability; panic attacks; trouble sleeping; feeling agitated or restless; acting aggressive, being angry, or violent; acting on dangerous impulses; extreme increase in activity or talking; or other unusual changes in behavior or mood.
Serious, life-threatening skin reactions, with symptoms such as skin rash, hives, or blistering or peeling skin.
Zarontin capsules may harm your unborn baby. Tell your healthcare provider immediately if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
Zarontin capsules may also cause kidney or liver problems, or systemic lupus erythematosus (a disease that affects the immune system).
Do not take Zarontin capsules if you are allergic to them, any of their ingredients, or to other similar medicines (such as methsuximide).
Tell your healthcare provider about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with Zarontin capsules. Also, talk to your healthcare provider about your complete medical history, especially if you have liver or kidney problems; depression, mood problems, or suicidal thoughts or behavior; or if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your healthcare provider uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your healthcare provider may prescribe a different regimen. Do not change the dosage or stop taking your medication without your healthcare provider's approval.
Adults and children ≥6 years: The usual starting dose is 500 milligrams (mg) a day.
Children 3-6 years: The usual starting dose is 250 mg a day.
Your healthcare provider may increase your or your child's dose as needed, until the desired effect is achieved.
It is important that you do not stop taking this medication abruptly. If you need to change or stop taking this medication, it is important that you only do this with the guidance of your healthcare provider.
Take Zarontin capsules exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not change your dose or stop taking Zarontin capsules without first talking to your healthcare provider.
Do not drink alcohol or take other medicines that make you sleepy or dizzy while you are taking Zarontin capsules.
Do not drive, operate heavy machinery, or engage in other dangerous activities until you know how Zarontin capsules affect you.
If Zarontin capsules are taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your healthcare provider before combining Zarontin capsules with phenytoin or valproic acid.
Zarontin capsules may harm your unborn baby if you take them during pregnancy. The ingredients in Zarontin capsules can be found in your breast milk if you take them while breastfeeding. Tell your healthcare provider immediately if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
If you become pregnant while taking Zarontin capsules, talk to your healthcare provider about registering with the North American Antiepileptic Drug (NAAED) Pregnancy Registry. The purpose of this registry is to collect information about the safety of seizure medicines during pregnancy.
If you miss a dose of Zarontin capsules, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the one you missed and return to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take two doses at once.
Store at room temperature.
In the event of a medical emergency call your doctor or 9-1-1 immediately. In the event of overdose, call your doctor or poison control for further instructions.
National Poison Control#: Call 1-800-222-1222
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