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Adderall XR is a medicine used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Adderall XR is a federally controlled substance because it has abuse potential.
How does this medication work?
Adderall XR is an extended-release medicine (a type of capsule that releases medicine into your body throughout the day) that works by changing the amount of certain chemicals in your brain, thereby improving symptoms of ADHD.
What are the beneficial effects of this medication and when should I begin to have results?
What: Adderall XR is an important part of a total treatment program for people with ADHD that may include counseling or other therapies. Adderall XR may help increase attention and decrease impulsiveness and hyperactivity in people with ADHD.
When: Adderall XR has been shown to improve symptoms within the first week of therapy.
How do I know it is working?
You may start to notice an improvement in your symptoms. This is a good indicator that your medication is working. Your healthcare provider may ask you questions from time to time to assess how well your medicine is working and to check for improvement of your condition.
The following is not a full list of side effects. Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Only your healthcare provider can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this medication.
Adderall XR is a federally controlled substance because it can be abused or lead to dependence. Keep Adderall XR in a safe place to prevent misuse and abuse. Selling or giving away Adderall XR may harm others, and is against the law. Misuse of Adderall XR may cause sudden death and serious heart related side effects.
More common side effects may include: dry mouth, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, headache, weight loss, nausea, anxiety, agitation, dizziness, fast heartbeat, diarrhea, weakness, urinary tract infections.
Adolescents 13-17 years
More common side effects may include: loss of appetite, sleeplessness, stomach pain, weight loss, nervousness.
Children 6-12 years
More common side effects may include: loss of appetite, sleeplessness, stomach pain, mood swings, vomiting, nervousness, nausea, fever.
Less common side effects of Adderall XR may include:
Serious and potentially life-threatening heart problems, including stroke or heart attacks in adults, and increased blood pressure or heart rate, with symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, or fainting.
Mental problems with symptoms such as new or worsening behavior and thought problems, bipolar illness, aggressive behavior, or hostility. Children and teenagers may also begin to hear voices, believe in things that are not true, or become suspicious.
Slowing of growth (height and weight) in children.
Seizures, mainly in people with a history of seizures.
Eyesight changes or blurred vision.
Circulation problems in your fingers and toes, with symptoms such as feeling numb, cool, or painful, or changing color (such as from pale to blue to red).
Do not take Adderall XR if you are allergic to it or any of its ingredients.
Do not take Adderall XR if you have heart disease, hardening of your arteries, high blood pressure, hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid gland), or glaucoma (high pressure in the eye).
Do not take Adderall XR if you are very anxious, tense, or agitated.
Do not take Adderall XR if you have a history of drug abuse.
Do not take Adderall XR if you are taking an antidepressant medication called a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) (such as phenelzine or selegiline) or have taken any within the past 14 days.
Tell your healthcare provider about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with Adderall XR. Also, talk to your healthcare provider about your complete medical history, especially if you have heart problems, high blood pressure, mental problems (such as psychosis, mania, bipolar disorder, or depression), or a family history of these conditions; Tourette's syndrome (a brain disorder characterized by involuntary movements and vocalizations called tics); liver, kidney, or thyroid problems; seizures; or have ever abused or been dependent on alcohol, prescription medicines, or street drugs.
The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your healthcare provider uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your healthcare provider may prescribe a different regimen. Do not change the dosage or stop taking your medication without your healthcare provider's approval.
Adults: The usual dose is 20 milligrams (mg) once a day.
Children and adolescents 6-17 years: The recommended starting dose is 10 mg once a day. Your healthcare provider will increase your dose as needed.
Take Adderall XR exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not change your dose or stop taking Adderall XR without first talking to your healthcare provider.
Take Adderall XR in the morning when you wake up. Take it with or without food. Do not crush or chew the capsules.
If you cannot swallow capsules whole, open the capsule carefully and sprinkle its contents over a spoonful of applesauce. Swallow the medicine and applesauce mixture right away and without chewing. Follow it with a drink of water or other liquid.
Do not drive or operate machinery without knowing how Adderall XR affects you.
Do not start any new medicine while taking Adderall XR without first talking to your healthcare provider.
If Adderall XR is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. Adderall XR may interact with numerous medications. Therefore, it is very important that you tell your healthcare provider about any other medications you are taking.
The effects of Adderall XR during pregnancy are unknown. Adderall XR can be found in your breast milk if you take it while breastfeeding. Do not breastfeed while you are taking Adderall XR. Tell your healthcare provider immediately if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
If you miss a dose of Adderall XR, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the one you missed and return to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take two doses at once.
Store at room temperature.
In the event of a medical emergency call your doctor or 9-1-1 immediately. In the event of overdose, call your doctor or poison control for further instructions.
National Poison Control#: Call 1-800-222-1222
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