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Adderall is a medicine used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Adderall is also used to treat a condition known as narcolepsy (a sleep disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness).
Adderall is a federally controlled substance because it has abuse potential.
How does this medication work?
Adderall works by changing the amount of certain chemicals in your brain, thereby improving symptoms of ADHD and narcolepsy.
What are the beneficial effects of this medication and when should I begin to have results?
What: Adderall is an important part of a total treatment program for people with ADHD that may include counseling or other therapies. Adderall may help increase attention and decrease impulsiveness and hyperactivity in people with ADHD.
When: Everyone responds differently to treatment, so try to be patient and follow your healthcare provider's directions. It is important that you take Adderall exactly as your healthcare provider has prescribed.
How do I know it is working?
You may start to notice an improvement in your symptoms. This is a good indicator that your medication is working. Your healthcare provider may ask you questions from time to time to assess how well your medicine is working and to check for improvement of your condition.
The following is not a full list of side effects. Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Only your healthcare provider can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this medication.
Adderall is a federally controlled substance because it can be abused or lead to dependence. Keep Adderall in a safe place to prevent misuse and abuse. Selling or giving away Adderall may harm others, and is against the law. Misuse of Adderall may cause sudden death and serious heart-related side effects.
More common side effects may include: stomach ache, decreased appetite, restlessness.
Less common side effects may include:
Serious and potentially life-threatening heart problems, including strokes or heart attacks in adults, and increased blood pressure or heart rate, with symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, or fainting.
Mental problems with symptoms such as new or worsening behavior and thought problems, bipolar illness, aggressive behavior, or hostility. Children and teenagers may also begin to hear voices, believe in things that are not true, or become suspicious.
Slowing of growth (height and weight) in children.
Seizures, mainly in people with a history of seizures.
Eyesight changes or blurred vision.
Circulation problems in your fingers and toes, with symptoms such as feeling numb, cool, or painful, or changing color (such as from pale to blue to red).
Do not take Adderall if you are allergic to it, any of its ingredients, or to similar medicines (such as methylphenidate).
Do not take Adderall if you have heart disease, hardening of your arteries, high blood pressure, hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid gland), or glaucoma (high pressure in the eye).
Do not take Adderall if you are very anxious, tense, or agitated.
Do not take Adderall if you have a history of drug abuse.
Do not take Adderall if you are taking an antidepressant medication called a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) (such as phenelzine or selegiline) or have taken any within the past 14 days.
Tell your healthcare provider about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with Adderall. Also, talk to your healthcare provider about your complete medical history, especially if you have heart problems or heart defects; high blood pressure; mental problems (such as psychosis, mania, bipolar disorder, or depression); Tourette's syndrome (a brain disorder characterized by involuntary movements and vocalizations called tics); liver, kidney, or thyroid problems; seizures or have had an abnormal brain wave test (called EEG); circulation problems in your fingers and toes; or if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your healthcare provider uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your healthcare provider may prescribe a different regimen. Do not change the dosage or stop taking your medication without your healthcare provider's approval.
Children ≥6 years: The recommended starting dose is 5 milligrams (mg) once or twice a day.
Children 3-5 years: The recommended starting dose is 2.5 mg once a day.
Adults and children ≥12 years: The recommended starting dose is 10 mg once a day.
Children 6-12 years: The recommended starting dose is 5 mg once a day.
Your healthcare provider may increase your or your child's dose as needed.
Take Adderall exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not change your dose or stop taking Adderall without first talking to your healthcare provider.
Take the first dose of Adderall in the morning when you wake up, with or without food. If you take Adderall more than once a day, separate the doses by 4 to 6 hours.
Do not drive or operate machinery until you know how Adderall affects you.
Do not take any antacids without first talking to your healthcare provider.
If Adderall is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. Adderall may interact with numerous medications. Therefore, it is very important that you tell your healthcare provider about any other medications you are taking.
Adderall can harm your newborn baby if you take it during pregnancy, and can be found in your breast milk if you take it while breastfeeding. Do not breastfeed while you are taking Adderall. Tell your healthcare provider immediately if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.
If you miss a dose of Adderall, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the one you missed and return to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take two doses at once.
Store at room temperature.
In the event of a medical emergency call your doctor or 9-1-1 immediately. In the event of overdose, call your doctor or poison control for further instructions.
National Poison Control#: Call 1-800-222-1222
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