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  • Generic Name: (clonidine hydrochloride)
    Other Brands: N/A
  • Last Revised: 08/2016
    • What is this medication and its most common uses?

      Kapvay is a medicine used alone or in combination with other medicines to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

    • What should I know when beginning and continuing on this medication?

      How does this medication work?

      Kapvay is an extended-release medicine (a type of tablet that releases medicine into your body throughout the day). Kapvay is thought to work by affecting the part of the brain that controls attention and impulsivity.

      What are the beneficial effects of this medication and when should I begin to have results?

      What: Kapvay has been shown to increase attention and decrease impulsiveness and hyperactivity in people with ADHD.

      When: Everyone responds differently to treatment, so try to be patient and follow your healthcare provider's instructions. It is important that you take Kapvay exactly as your healthcare provider has prescribed.

      How do I know it is working?

      You may start to notice an improvement in your symptoms. This is a good indicator that your medication is working. Your healthcare provider may ask you questions from time to time to assess how well your medicine is working and to check for improvement of your condition.

    • What are the possible side effects of this medication?

      The following is not a full list of side effects. Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, tell your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Only your healthcare provider can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this medication.

      More common side effects when used alone may include: drowsiness, tiredness, irritability, nightmare, trouble sleeping, constipation, dry mouth.

      More common side effects when used in combination with other medicines may include: drowsiness, tiredness, decreased appetite, dizziness.

      Less common side effects of Kapvay may include:

      Kapvay may cause low blood pressure and low heart rate.

    • Who should not take this medication?

      Do not take Kapvay if you are allergic to it or any of its ingredients.

    • What should I tell my healthcare provider before I take the first dose of this medication?

      Tell your healthcare provider about all prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal medications you are taking before beginning treatment with Kapvay. Also, talk to your healthcare provider about your complete medical history, especially if you have kidney problems, high or low blood pressure, a history of passing out, or heart problems including history of heart attack; have had a stroke; have had a skin reaction (such as rash) after wearing a clonidine skin patch; or are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning to become pregnant.

    • What is the usual dosage?

      The information below is based on the dosage guidelines your healthcare provider uses. Depending on your condition and medical history, your healthcare provider may prescribe a different regimen. Do not change the dosage or stop taking your medication without your healthcare provider's approval.

      Children and adolescents 6-17 years: The recommended starting dose is 0.1 milligrams once a day at bedtime. Your healthcare provider may adjust your dose as needed, until the desired effect is achieved.

      It is important that you do not stop taking this medication abruptly. If you need to change or stop taking this medication, it is important that you only do this with the guidance of your healthcare provider.

    • How should I take this medication?

      Take Kapvay exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. Do not change your dose or stop taking Kapvay without first talking to your healthcare provider.

      Take Kapvay with or without food.

      Swallow Kapvay tablets whole. Do not chew, crush, or break the tablets.

    • What should I avoid while taking this medication?

      Do not drink alcohol or take other medicines that make you sleepy or dizzy while taking Kapvay without first talking to your healthcare provider.

      Do not drive, operate heavy machinery, or do other dangerous activities until you know how Kapvay affects you.

      Do not become dehydrated or overheated while taking Kapvay.

    • What are the possible food and drug interactions associated with this medication?

      If Kapvay is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered. It is especially important to check with your healthcare provider before combining Kapvay with the following: blood pressure/heart medications (such as atenolol or verapamil), certain antidepressants (such as amitriptyline), medicines that may affect your heart rhythm (such as digoxin), or medicines that may slow down your brain function (such as oxycodone).

    • May I receive this medication if I am pregnant or breastfeeding?

      The effects of Kapvay during pregnancy are unknown. Kapvay can be found in your breast milk if you take it while breastfeeding. Tell your healthcare provider immediately if you are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or are breastfeeding.

    • What should I do if I miss a dose of this medication?

      If you miss a dose of Kapvay, skip the one you missed and return to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take two doses at once.

    • How should I store this medication?

      Store at room temperature.

    • Who should I contact in case of emergency or overdose?
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      In the event of a medical emergency call your doctor or 9-1-1 immediately. In the event of overdose, call your doctor or poison control for further instructions.
      National Poison Control#: Call 1-800-222-1222

      This PDR+ drug information has been developed by the Physicians’ Desk Reference Network (PDRN), a source of medication information trusted by doctors for over 65 years.

      This monograph summarizes the most important information about your medication and does not cover all the information you may need. If you have any questions or concerns or want to learn more about your medication, ask your healthcare provider; he/she will be able to provide answers to your questions. This medication should only be used by the patient for whom it was prescribed and should not be shared with other people.
    • Additional patient resources.
      back to top Use your PDR® Pharmacy Discount Card when you or a family member fills a prescription and ask for your PDR® Discount every
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    This discount plan is NOT insurance or a Medicare prescription drug plan. The plan is not intended as a substitute for insurance and does not meet creditable coverage requirements under state or federal law. The plan provides discounts at participating pharmacies on certain pharmaceutical supplies, prescription drugs, or medical equipment and supplies. The range of discounts will vary depending on the products received. Members are obligated to pay the pharmacy the entire amount of the discounted rate for such products at the point of sale. The plan does not pay pharmacies for products provided to members. No enrollment or periodic fees apply. The pharmacy may pay the plan a fee from amounts the pharmacy collects from the member. The discount plan organization is ProCare Pharmacy Benefit Manager, Inc.,1267 Professional Parkway, ProCare Office Park, Gainesville, GA 30507, 1-888-299-5383. Customer service is provided by PDR, LLC., 5 Paragon Drive, Montvale, NJ, 07645, 1-800-232-7379, www.pdr.net/DiscountCard, customerservice@pdr.net.