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  • CLASSES

    Immunoglobulins, Normal Human

    DEA CLASS

    Rx

    DESCRIPTION

    Intramuscular injection of heterogenous human IgG
    At least 90% IgG
    Used to provide passive immunity and/or as replacement therapy for patients with antibody deficiencies

    COMMON BRAND NAMES

    GamaSTAN S/D

    HOW SUPPLIED

    GamaSTAN S/D Intramuscular Inj Sol

    DOSAGE & INDICATIONS

    For hepatitis A prophylaxis.
    For postexposure prophylaxis.
    Intramuscular dosage
    Adults who have not previously received the hepatitis A vaccine and who have been exposed to HAV in the past 2 weeks

    0.1 mL/kg IM as soon as possible after HAV exposure. Hepatitis A vaccine may be an alternative. Use immune globulin for postexposure prophylaxis in immunocompromised patients, chronic liver disease diagnosed patients, and anyone who cannot get the vaccine because of contraindications. Immune globulin is also preferred over hepatitis A vaccine in patients older than 40 years of age; however, vaccine may be used if immune globulin is not available.

    Infants†, Children†, and Adolescents† who have not previously received the hepatitis A vaccine and who have been exposed to HAV in the past 2 weeks

    0.1 mL/kg IM as soon as possible after HAV exposure. Hepatitis A vaccine may be an alternative. Use immune globulin for postexposure prophylaxis in infants, immunocompromised patients, chronic liver disease diagnosed patients, and anyone who cannot get the vaccine because of contraindications.

    For patients traveling to regions that have high or intermediate hepatitis A endemicity.
    Intramuscular dosage
    Adults with anticipated risk of exposure up to 1 month

    0.1 mL/kg IM. Hepatitis A vaccine is preferred to immune globulin for all susceptible persons. Immune globulin may be administered simultaneously with hepatitis A vaccine at a separate anatomical injection site for travel that will begin in 2 weeks or less, in older adults, immunocompromised patients, and patients with chronic liver disease or other chronic medical conditions. If the vaccine is contraindicated or is refused by the patient, administer a single dose of immune globulin prior to travel.

    Infants†, Children†, and Adolescents† with anticipated risk of exposure up to 1 month

    0.1 mL/kg IM. Hepatitis A vaccine is preferred to immune globulin for all susceptible persons. Immune globulin may be administered simultaneously with hepatitis A vaccine at a separate anatomical injection site for travel that will begin in 2 weeks or less, immunocompromised patients, and patients with chronic liver disease or other chronic medical conditions. If the vaccine is contraindicated or is refused by the patient, administer a single dose of immune globulin prior to travel.

    Adults with anticipated risk of exposure up to 2 months

    0.2 mL/kg IM. Hepatitis A vaccine is preferred to immune globulin for all susceptible persons. Immune globulin may be administered simultaneously with hepatitis A vaccine at a separate anatomical injection site for travel that will begin in 2 weeks or less, in older adults, immunocompromised patients, and patients with chronic liver disease or other chronic medical conditions. If the vaccine is contraindicated or is refused by the patient, administer a single dose of immune globulin prior to travel.

    Infants†, Children†, and Adolescents† with anticipated risk of exposure up to 2 months

    0.2 mL/kg IM. Hepatitis A vaccine is preferred to immune globulin for all susceptible persons. Immune globulin may be administered simultaneously with hepatitis A vaccine at a separate anatomical injection site for travel that will begin in 2 weeks or less, immunocompromised patients, and patients with chronic liver disease or other chronic medical conditions. If the vaccine is contraindicated or is refused by the patient, administer a single dose of immune globulin prior to travel.

    Adults with anticipated risk of exposure 2 months or longer

    0.2 mL/kg IM. Repeat dose of 0.2 mL/kg every 2 months. Hepatitis A vaccine is preferred to immune globulin for all susceptible persons. Immune globulin may be administered simultaneously with hepatitis A vaccine at a separate anatomical injection site for travel that will begin in 2 weeks or less, in older adults, immunocompromised patients, and patients with chronic liver disease or other chronic medical conditions. If the vaccine is contraindicated or is refused by the patient, administer a single dose of immune globulin prior to travel.

    Infants†, Children†, and Adolescents† with anticipated risk of exposure 2 months or longer

    0.2 mL/kg IM. Repeat dose of 0.2 mL/kg every 2 months. Hepatitis A vaccine is preferred to immune globulin for all susceptible persons. Immune globulin may be administered simultaneously with hepatitis A vaccine at a separate anatomical injection site for travel that will begin in 2 weeks or less, immunocompromised patients, and patients with chronic liver disease or other chronic medical conditions. If the vaccine is contraindicated or is refused by the patient, administer a single dose of immune globulin prior to travel.

    For measles prophylaxis to prevent or modify measles in an unvaccinated patient who has not previously had measles and who was exposed within the past 6 days.
    NOTE: For most persons 12 months and older who are exposed to measles, use of MMR or measles vaccine within 72 hours of exposure is preferred to using immune globulin (except pregnant women and others for whom the vaccine is contraindicated). Any person exposed to measles who lacks evidence of measles immunity and to whom immune globulin (IG) is administered should subsequently receive MMR vaccine but not earlier than 6 months after IMIG administration or 8 months after IGIV administration (provided the vaccine is not contraindicated).
    In immunocompetent patients.
    Intramuscular dosage
    Adults

    0.25 mL/kg IM, if administered within 6 days of exposure to measles, is the FDA-approved dosage. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends 0.5 mL/kg/dose (not to exceed 15 mL) IM within 6 days of exposure.

    Children† and Adolescents†

    Although safety and efficacy have not been established, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends 0.5 mL/kg/dose (not to exceed 15 mL) IM for patients who are not immune and have been exposed to measles within the previous 6 days.

    Infants†

    Although safety and efficacy have not been established, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends 0.5 mL/kg/dose IM for all infants exposed to measles within the previous 6 days.

    In patients with an immunodeficiency disorder or receiving immunosuppressant treatment.
    Intramuscular dosage
    Children†

    Although safety and efficacy have not been established, the manufacturer recommends a single 0.5 mL/kg/dose (not to exceed 15 mL) IM.

    For varicella (chickenpox) infection prophylaxis.
    Intramuscular dosage
    Adults

    0.6 to 1.2 mL/kg IM given as soon as possible after exposure and only if human Varicella-Zoster Immune Globulin is not available.

    For rubella prophylaxis in exposed, susceptible pregnant women who will not consider a therapeutic abortion.
    NOTE: The routine use of IMIG for rubella prophylaxis in early pregnancy is of dubious value and cannot be justified.
    Intramuscular dosage
    Adult pregnant females

    0.55 mL/kg IM.

    For immunoglobulin deficiency.
    NOTE: Immune globulin may prevent serious infection in patients with immunoglobulin deficiencies if circulating IgG concentrations of approximately 200 mg/100 mL plasma are maintained.
    Intramuscular dosage
    Adults

    Initially, 1.32 mL/kg IM followed by a maintenance dosage of 0.66 mL/kg (at least 100 mg/kg) IM every 3 to 4 weeks.

    MAXIMUM DOSAGE

    Adults

    The maximum dosage is dependent on the indication for therapy.

    Geriatric

    The maximum dosage is dependent on the indication for therapy.

    Adolescents

    Safety and efficacy have not been established, although 0.5 mL/kg IM (Max: 15 mL) has been used off-label for measles prophylaxis.

    Children

    Safety and efficacy have not been established, although 0.5 mL/kg/dose IM (Max: 15 mL) has been used off-label for measles prophylaxis.

    Infants

    Safety and efficacy have not been established, although 0.5 mL/kg/dose IM has been used off-label for measles prophylaxis.

    DOSING CONSIDERATIONS

    Hepatic Impairment

    Specific guidelines for dosage adjustments in hepatic impairment are not available; it appears that no dosage adjustments are needed.

    Renal Impairment

    Specific guidelines for dosage adjustments in renal impairment are not available; it appears that no dosage adjustments are needed.

    ADMINISTRATION

    Injectable Administration

    Administer IMIG intramuscularly only. Do not administer intravenously.
    A separate syringe and needle should be used for each person receiving immune globulin.
    Visually inspect parenteral products for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration whenever solution and container permit.

    Intramuscular Administration

    Immune Globulin intramuscular injections should be made into the deltoid muscle or into the anterolateral muscles of the thigh. In order to avoid injury to the sciatic nerves, do NOT inject into the central gluteal region; injection into the upper, outer quadrant of the gluteus maximus should be used only if large volumes are administered or when large doses must be divided into multiple IM injections. Dosages greater than 10 mL should be divided and injected into different sites.
    Aspirate before injection to avoid injection into a blood vessel. If blood appears in the syringe, withdraw the needle, and use a new syringe and needle at a different injection site.

    STORAGE

    Baygam:
    - Protect from freezing
    - Refrigerate (between 36 and 46 degrees F)
    GamaSTAN S/D:
    - Discard product if it contains particulate matter, is cloudy, or discolored
    - Discard unused portion. Do not store for later use.
    - Do not freeze
    - Store between 36 to 46 degrees F

    CONTRAINDICATIONS / PRECAUTIONS

    Intravenous administration

    Immune globulin IM (IGIM) is for intramuscular use only. Do not give IGIM via intravenous administration. Intravenous administration of IGIM significantly increases the risk of developing a severe anaphylactic reaction and should be avoided. Immune globulin IM should be used cautiously in patients with a history of human immunoglobulin hypersensitivity. Skin testing for hypersensitivity is not recommended. Intradermal injection of concentrated gamma globulin solution causes local inflammation, which may be misinterpreted as an allergic reaction. Although allergic reactions are rare, immediate availability of epinephrine is advised.

    Pregnancy

    Immune globulin IM (IGIM) has not been studied in pregnant women or animals, and the potential effects on the fetus or reproductive capacity are unknown. According to the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), fetal adverse events have not occurred after administration of immune globulin preparations to pregnant women. Administer during pregnancy only if clearly indicated.

    Breast-feeding

    Excretion of immune globulin IM (IGIM) into breast milk is unknown; administer cautiously to women who are breast-feeding. Case reports of two nursing mothers receiving intravenous immune globulin therapy suggest transfer of IgG and IgM into the colostrum and breast milk. Consider the benefits of breast-feeding, the risk of potential infant drug exposure, and the risk of an untreated or inadequately treated condition. If a breast-feeding infant experiences an adverse effect related to a maternally administered drug, health care providers are encouraged to report the adverse effect to the FDA. 

    Agammaglobulinemia, hypogammaglobulinemia, IgA deficiency

    Patients with agammaglobulinemia or severe hypogammaglobulinemia are at an increased risk of developing immune-mediated adverse reactions following administration of immune globulin IM (IGIM) if they have not received immunoglobulins in the preceding 8 weeks or if they have never received immunoglobulins. IGIM should be avoided in patients with isolated IgA deficiency. These patients often develop antibodies against IgA and are more likely to have anaphylactic or immune-mediated adverse reactions to pooled immunoglobulin products such as IGIM.

    Viral infection

    Immune globulin IM (IGIM) is a derivative of human blood. As with other products derived from or purified with human blood components, the remote possibility of contamination with hepatitis, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), and other bacterial or viral infections exists in patients receiving the IGIM. Screening plasma donors for prior exposure to certain viruses, testing for the presence of viruses, and inactivating and/or reducing viruses has reduced the risk of transmission of infectious agents. The manufacturing processes are designed to reduce the risk of transmitting viral infection; however, none of the processes are completely effective. There is also the possibility that unknown infectious agents may be present in this product. All IGIM produced since 1985 has been tested for HIV antibody; however, some produced between 1982 and 1985 may be positive for HIV antibody. There has been no evidence of HIV transmission from IGIM administration. Pooled antibodies may provide sufficient HIV antibodies to yield falsely positive HIV tests in individuals who received immunoglobulin before 1985, although this is unlikely. Some viruses, such as parvovirus B19, are particularly difficult to remove or inactivate. Parvovirus B19 most seriously affects pregnant women and immune compromised individuals and symptoms include fever, drowsiness, chills, and rhinitis followed in about 2 weeks with rash and joint pain. Patients should be encouraged to call their health care provider if they develop these symptoms. All infections thought by a physician to have been possibly transmitted by IGIM should be reported to the manufacturer. The health care provider should discuss the risks and benefits of this product with the patient.

    Anticoagulant therapy, bleeding, coagulopathy, hemophilia, thrombocytopenia

    Immune globulin IM (IGIM) is contraindicated for use by patients with severe thrombocytopenia or any coagulation disorder that would contraindicate intramuscular injections such as coagulopathy (e.g., hemophilia) or bleeding disorders. Patients who are receiving anticoagulant therapy should be monitored closely when given immune globulin IM because bleeding can occur at the injection site.

    Vaccination

    The immune globulins present in immune globulin IM (IGIM) products may interfere with live virus vaccination, such as measles immunization. Vaccinations should be delayed until 3 months after IGIM administration and it may be necessary to revaccinate persons who receive IGIM shortly after live virus vaccination. If necessary due to imminent exposure to disease, the measles, mumps, and rubella virus vaccine live can be administered simultaneously with immune globulin preparations, however the vaccine-induced immunity may be reduced. Tetanus toxoid may be given at the same time as immune globulin, but at a different injection site.

    Children

    Safety and efficacy of immune globulin IM (IGIM) have not been established in children.

    ADVERSE REACTIONS

    Severe

    anaphylactoid reactions / Rapid / Incidence not known
    angioedema / Rapid / Incidence not known
    anaphylactic shock / Rapid / Incidence not known
    thrombosis / Delayed / Incidence not known

    Moderate

    hypotension / Rapid / Incidence not known

    Mild

    urticaria / Rapid / Incidence not known
    injection site reaction / Rapid / Incidence not known
    chills / Rapid / Incidence not known
    fever / Early / Incidence not known
    dizziness / Early / Incidence not known
    infection / Delayed / Incidence not known

    DRUG INTERACTIONS

    Acetaminophen; Aspirin, ASA; Caffeine: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Acetaminophen; Caffeine; Magnesium Salicylate; Phenyltoloxamine: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Acetaminophen; Caffeine; Phenyltoloxamine; Salicylamide: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Acyclovir: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like acyclovir. Administer IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function. Periodic monitoring of renal function tests and urine output is particularly important in patients judged to have a potential risk for developing acute renal failure.
    Adefovir: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like adefovir. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Amikacin: (Moderate) Immune globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like aminoglycosides. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Closely monitor renal function.
    Aminoglycosides: (Moderate) Immune globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like aminoglycosides. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Closely monitor renal function.
    Amphotericin B cholesteryl sulfate complex (ABCD): (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like amphotericin B. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Amphotericin B lipid complex (ABLC): (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like amphotericin B. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Amphotericin B liposomal (LAmB): (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like amphotericin B. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Amphotericin B: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like amphotericin B. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Aspirin, ASA: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Aspirin, ASA; Butalbital; Caffeine: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Aspirin, ASA; Butalbital; Caffeine; Codeine: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Aspirin, ASA; Caffeine; Dihydrocodeine: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Aspirin, ASA; Carisoprodol: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Aspirin, ASA; Carisoprodol; Codeine: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Aspirin, ASA; Dipyridamole: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Aspirin, ASA; Omeprazole: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Aspirin, ASA; Oxycodone: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Aspirin, ASA; Pravastatin: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Atropine; Benzoic Acid; Hyoscyamine; Methenamine; Methylene Blue; Phenyl Salicylate: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Bacitracin: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like bacitracin. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Benzoic Acid; Hyoscyamine; Methenamine; Methylene Blue; Phenyl Salicylate: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Bismuth Subsalicylate: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Bismuth Subsalicylate; Metronidazole; Tetracycline: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Capreomycin: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like capreomycin. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Celecoxib: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Choline Salicylate; Magnesium Salicylate: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Cidofovir: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like cidofovir. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Cisplatin: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like cisplatin. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Colistimethate, Colistin, Polymyxin E: (Moderate) Use caution with concomitant Immune Globulin (IG) products and colistimethate sodium. IG products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Closely monitor renal function.
    Cyclosporine: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like cyclosporine. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Diclofenac: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Diclofenac; Misoprostol: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Diflunisal: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Diphenhydramine; Ibuprofen: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Diphenhydramine; Naproxen: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Esomeprazole; Naproxen: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Etodolac: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Famotidine; Ibuprofen: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Fenoprofen: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Flurbiprofen: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Foscarnet: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like foscarnet. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Ganciclovir: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like ganciclovir. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Gentamicin: (Moderate) Immune globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like aminoglycosides. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Closely monitor renal function.
    Hydrocodone; Ibuprofen: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Hyoscyamine; Methenamine; Methylene Blue; Phenyl Salicylate; Sodium Biphosphate: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Ibuprofen: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Ibuprofen; Oxycodone: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Ibuprofen; Pseudoephedrine: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Indomethacin: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Kanamycin: (Moderate) Immune globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like aminoglycosides. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Closely monitor renal function.
    Ketoprofen: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Ketorolac: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Lansoprazole; Naproxen: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Magnesium Salicylate: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Measles Virus; Mumps Virus; Rubella Virus; Varicella Virus Vaccine, Live: (Major) Do not give immune globulin including varicella zoster immune globulin concurrently with the varicella-zoster virus vaccine, live. Because of the potential inhibition of the immune response to vaccination by passively transferred antibodies, it is advisable not to give varicella-zoster virus vaccine, live to any patient who has received blood (except washed red blood cells), plasma transfusions, or immunoglobulins within the previous 5 months. There should be an interval of at least 5 months following administration of immune globulin, including varicella-zoster immune globulin, VZIG, before varicella vaccination. After varicella vaccination, the CDC recommends that immune globulin products should not be given for 3 weeks, unless the benefit outweighs the risk; the manufacturer recommends waiting 2 months before administering immunoglobulins. In the case that IgG products are administered within 3 weeks of vaccination, the vaccinee should be either revaccinated at 5 months or tested for immunity and revaccinated if seronegative. Consult current CDC guidelines for recommendations. (Major) Rubella virus vaccine or Measles/mumps/rubella vaccines, MMR should not be given for at least 3 months following administration of blood, plasma, and/or immunoglobulins because antibodies in these products can neutralize the vaccine.
    Measles/Mumps/Rubella Vaccines, MMR: (Major) Rubella virus vaccine or Measles/mumps/rubella vaccines, MMR should not be given for at least 3 months following administration of blood, plasma, and/or immunoglobulins because antibodies in these products can neutralize the vaccine.
    Meclofenamate Sodium: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Mefenamic Acid: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Meloxicam: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Nabumetone: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Naproxen: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Naproxen; Pseudoephedrine: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Naproxen; Sumatriptan: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Oxaprozin: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Pamidronate: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like pamidronate. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Paromomycin: (Moderate) Immune globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like aminoglycosides. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Closely monitor renal function.
    Pentamidine: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like pentamidine. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Piroxicam: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Polymyxin B: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like polymyxin B. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Polymyxins: (Moderate) Use caution with concomitant Immune Globulin (IG) products and colistimethate sodium. IG products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Closely monitor renal function.
    Rofecoxib: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Rotavirus Vaccine: (Major) Efficacy of live attenuated virus vaccines such as Rotavirus may be impaired by immune globulin administration; revaccination may be necessary. As the passive transfer of antibodies may impair the efficacy of live attenuated virus vaccines, defer vaccination with live virus vaccines until approximately 3 months after immune globulin administration. Inform the immunizing physician of recent therapy with immune globulin so that appropriate measures can be taken.
    Rubella Virus Vaccine Live: (Major) Rubella virus vaccine or Measles/mumps/rubella vaccines, MMR should not be given for at least 3 months following administration of blood, plasma, and/or immunoglobulins because antibodies in these products can neutralize the vaccine.
    Salsalate: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Streptomycin: (Moderate) Immune globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like aminoglycosides. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Closely monitor renal function.
    Streptozocin: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like streptozocin. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Sulindac: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Tacrolimus: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like tacrolimus. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Tobramycin: (Moderate) Immune globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like aminoglycosides. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Closely monitor renal function.
    Tolmetin: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Valacyclovir: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like valacyclovir. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Valdecoxib: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and salicylates. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Valganciclovir: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like valganciclovir. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Vancomycin: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like vancomycin. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.
    Varicella-Zoster Virus Vaccine, Live: (Major) Do not give immune globulin including varicella zoster immune globulin concurrently with the varicella-zoster virus vaccine, live. Because of the potential inhibition of the immune response to vaccination by passively transferred antibodies, it is advisable not to give varicella-zoster virus vaccine, live to any patient who has received blood (except washed red blood cells), plasma transfusions, or immunoglobulins within the previous 5 months. There should be an interval of at least 5 months following administration of immune globulin, including varicella-zoster immune globulin, VZIG, before varicella vaccination. After varicella vaccination, the CDC recommends that immune globulin products should not be given for 3 weeks, unless the benefit outweighs the risk; the manufacturer recommends waiting 2 months before administering immunoglobulins. In the case that IgG products are administered within 3 weeks of vaccination, the vaccinee should be either revaccinated at 5 months or tested for immunity and revaccinated if seronegative. Consult current CDC guidelines for recommendations.
    Zoledronic Acid: (Moderate) Immune Globulin (IG) products have been reported to be associated with renal dysfunction, acute renal failure, osmotic nephrosis, and death. Patients predisposed to acute renal failure include patients receiving known nephrotoxic drugs like zoledronic acid. Coadminister IG products at the minimum concentration available and the minimum rate of infusion practicable. Also, closely monitor renal function.

    PREGNANCY AND LACTATION

    Pregnancy

    Immune globulin IM (IGIM) has not been studied in pregnant women or animals, and the potential effects on the fetus or reproductive capacity are unknown. According to the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), fetal adverse events have not occurred after administration of immune globulin preparations to pregnant women. Administer during pregnancy only if clearly indicated.

    Excretion of immune globulin IM (IGIM) into breast milk is unknown; administer cautiously to women who are breast-feeding. Case reports of two nursing mothers receiving intravenous immune globulin therapy suggest transfer of IgG and IgM into the colostrum and breast milk. Consider the benefits of breast-feeding, the risk of potential infant drug exposure, and the risk of an untreated or inadequately treated condition. If a breast-feeding infant experiences an adverse effect related to a maternally administered drug, health care providers are encouraged to report the adverse effect to the FDA. 

    MECHANISM OF ACTION

    The pooled, heterogenous IgG present in IGIM provides a variety of antibodies that activate both humoral and cell-mediated immunity by allosterically interacting with many toxins, bacteria, and viruses. Studies reveal that these antibodies are capable of opsonization and complement activation as well as stimulation of cell-mediated immunity. The passive immunity imparted by IGIM is capable of attenuating or preventing infectious diseases or deleterious reactions to these microbes or toxins.

    PHARMACOKINETICS

    Immune globulin IM, IMIG, IGIM is administered intramuscularly. The distribution has not been described; however, IGIM appears to distribute throughout intravascular and extravascular spaces. It likely crosses the placenta in increasing amounts after 30 weeks of gestation and may be distributed into milk (see Contraindications). The half-life of IGIM is about 23 days. The metabolic fate of IGIM is not well defined.

    Intramuscular Route

    Absorption of immune globulin IM (IGIM) after IM injection is slow, with peak levels occurring in approximately 2 days.